Industrial Internet of things is a system that accelerates the production process many times, efficient, flexible, economical and practically does not require human participation. Thanks to the automatic collection and analysis of data in production, companies have at their disposal information resources, on the basis of which it is possible to develop new business services, and also to optimize existing processes.
What includes the industrial IoT
Various devices and sensors in production are able to record events, collect, analyze data and transmit them over the network. Communications means a heterogeneous network infrastructure that combines diverse communication channels - mobile, satellite, wireless and fixed.
To manage devices and communications, applications and analytics, there are platforms for the industrial Internet of things - they are developed by both IT and industrial companies themselves.
IOT-applications and analytical software are responsible for analytical processing of data, creation of predictive models and intelligent control of devices, and Big Data can be stored on servers, in storage or in the cloud.
The security solutions used in enterprises with IoT are responsible not only for the information security of all components of the solution, but also for the security of the operational process as a whole.
Applied hardware components:
- Sensors and analyzers.
- Machine vision systems.
- Video analytics.
- Smartphones, tablets and other wireless devices with IP support.
Justification of relevance
The interest of industrial companies in IoT is explained by several factors. The first is a colossal increase in labor productivity. The transition to the Internet of things even at the stage of inter-machine communication can significantly affect performance by automating routine processes and reducing the impact of the human factor. The ability to obtain data from devices in real time allows you to monitor and modify business processes, depending on the situation without direct human participation.
The second factor is the need to switch to digital production and the service model of business, in which companies offer not a product, but a certain level of services related to its use. The production enterprises have already started selling the operating time of their plants in compliance with the guaranteed performance results. Rapid manufacturing of non-standard things and high customization of mass products is another advantage of digital production.
And, at last, the third factor - optimization of processes accompanying production, for example, logistics. Expenses that are not directly related to production are very important to reduce, because they significantly affect the cost of production. Use of Internet technologies of things to monitor the movement and storage of goods in warehouses helps to speed up the solution of logistics tasks and reduce the cost of them.